Explore how state and federal support has declined as a share of overall revenue — putting a greater burden on students — at more than 1,500 public colleges and universities between 2002 and 2019.
* This public institution uses the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) accounting standards.
About the data
The data are based on revenue reported by institutions to the U.S. Department of Education’s Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System for the fiscal years 2002 to 2019. Only degree-granting public institutions in the U.S. that provided financial data to the U.S. Department of Education are included
Most public colleges report financial data to Ipeds using the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) financial-reporting requirements. A small number of public colleges use the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) accounting standards. They are marked with * in the table above.
For purposes of this analysis, total revenue, which is used to calculate shares from various sources, excludes revenue from sales and services of hospitals, educational activities and auxiliary enterprises; independent operations; and endowment or investment income. Revenue from sales and services from educational activities were not recorded independently before 2008 for institutions using the GASB accounting standards. Additions to endowments are calculated for institutions using FASB standards by subtracting the start-of-fiscal-year endowment amount from the end-of-year amount. Those values are not available for 2002.
Revenue from state sources is the total amount of state grants and appropriations to the institution.
Revenue from federal sources includes all federal grants and appropriations to the institution except for Pell Grants, which are included in tuition revenue.